USS Utah (BB-31)
The Florida-class battleship USS Utah (BB-31) was laid down in 1909, and launched in ten months. Commissioned in August, 1911, she joined the Atlantic Fleet after shakedown, and spent the next two years on the usual routine of training and cruises. Utah was one of the first ships to arrive in Veracruz during the Mexican Revolution of 1914, and was later stationed in Ireland after the US entered World War I. Utah spent most of the 20s as a training ship but carried dignitaries on tours of South America in 1924 and '28. As a result of the London Naval Treaty, Utah was demilitarized in 1931, and converted to a target ship, with the new designation of AG-16. She also served as an anti-aircraft training ship. Utah was given a refit in from May-September, 1941, after which she headed for Pearl harbor. Utah was there on 7 December, 1941, when she was struck by two torpedoes and capsized at her berth in Pearl Harbor. Salvage efforts were unsuccessful, and her wreck was left in place. A memorial was erected near her wreck in 1972.