Chaoyong (1880)

Chaoyong, date unknown. Photo in the collection of the US Navy History & Heritage Command.

Nation
Ship Class
Laid Down
1880
Launched
1880
Commissioned
1881
AD/BC
AD
History

The Chinese cruiser 超勇 (Chaoyong) was laid down in 1880, and commissioned in 1881. She was ordered from Armstrong-Whitworth, based on the design of an ironclad under construction for Chile. Armed with quick-firing quns and a ramming prow, Chaoyong saw action in the Sino-Japanese War of 1894-5, though poor maintenance had, by then, reduced her top speed by a third, and rendered some of her guns inoperable. In addition, her design was severely outdated. In the Battle of the Yalu River, 17 September, 1894, Chaoyong was quickly set afire by the Japanese cruisers, owing in large part to having a large amount of varnished wood in her superstructure. Her crew attempted to beach her before abandoning ship, but Chaoyong collided with the cruiser Jiyuan, and sank in the shallows. The next day, she was inspected by the Japanese, and then blown up.