HMS Newfoundland (59)

Newfoundland, anchored at Greenock, in 1944. Photo in the collection of the Imperial War Museums.

Ship Class
Ship Type
Laid Down

Laid down in November, 1939, HMS Newfoundland (59) was completed in just over three years, commissioning 21 January, 1943. Initially joining the Home Fleet, Newfoundland was quickly reassigned to the Mediterranean, and provided gunfire support during the invasion of Sicily, until she was torpedoed on 23 July by U-407. Missing her rudder, she steered herself to Boston, Massachusetts for repairs using her propellers and sails jury-rigged to her funnel. After repairs, Newfoundland was assigned to the Far East, but her bad luck with torpedoes continued, this time when one of her own detonated in its tube while at Alexandria. Newfoundland finally reached the Far East and participated in the RN raid on Truk, and provided fire support for the New Guinea campaign. At the end of the war, Newfoundland was participating in raids on Japan, bombarding Kamaishi on 9 August. She was part of the RN force that took control of the Yokosuka Navy Yard after the surrender, and was present in Tokyo Bay on 2 September. Before returning to England in December, 1946, Newfoundland expended the surrendered heavy cruiser Takao as a target. She was placed in reserve upon returning home, and was rebuilt from 1950-52, rejoining the fleet on 5 November. She served in the Far East again, and sank the Egyptian frigate Domiat in the Red Sea during the Suez Crisis. Newfoundland was decommissioned again in 1959, and was sold to Peru, where she served as Almirante Grau and then Capitán Quiñones, until decommissioned in 1979. She was briefly used as a static training vessel, but was sold for scrap within the year.