Between 1880 and 1918, there were several naval arms races, besides the most well-known one in Europe. Several South American countries vied for naval dominance, and Japan competed with Russia and China. Many of these countries were still developing their industrial base, and were unable to produce the latest ships, but still needed to meet the geopolitical requirements of their national policies. Shipbuilding companies from the major naval powers, particularly the British Empire, France, Germany, and the United States, began exporting their wares as demand exceeded the manufacturing capacity of many of these nations. Not only did the client countries gain state-of-the-art warships, they also picked up new technologies that they could then incorporate into their own shipbuilding. In some cases, like Japan, the rising powers would even limited export programs of their own. The export programs tapered off after World War I ended, but never went away. And many countries continue the practice to this day, like Germany with it's highly successful Type 209 submarines and MEKO frigates.